Ballistics Handgun Ballistics. A pistol caliber comparison chart will typically list this as the largest of common self-defense rounds by caliber alone. This means that the speed and energy will vary from cartridge manufacturer to manufacturer. Size and weight of the bullet. This is another aspect of FBI protocol that we didn’t strictly adhere to. That brings our total number of loads tested across all pistol calibers to 204 with more to come in the future!Update 8/8/2018: The 130 gr Federal HST +P load has now been added to our .38 Special results. The forty-caliber cartridges, .40 Smith & Wesson and its longer cousin, 10mm Automatic, offer larger, heavier bullets than most pistol cartridges without sacrificing too much in the way of velocity. Standard Metric. In plan terms, if using the gun itself to determine the caliber, you measure the barrel’s narrowest opening. A big guy will feel less recoil than a small man. Let your lever-gun run like never before with ammunition specifically built for it. These weapons are easily concealed but hard to aim accurately, especially in crime scenes. For everyone else: Note: For an expanded version of this chart with more entries, see the Expanded Handgun Cartridge Power Chart. Also, note that semi-auto pistol and revolver calibers are both covered in this chart. Learn More. Outside of collectors’ firearms and backup guns, neither cartridge is commonly recommended for everyday use. ​One of the twentieth century’s best-known pistol cartridges, the old.45 Automatic Colt Pistol cartridge originally supplanted the .38 Long Colt cartridge after the Moro uprisings in the Philippines showed a need for better stopping power in the pistol cartridges issued to the US military. The Federal Ballistics Calculator lets you quickly determine the trajectory for any rifle or handgun load, and save data for an unlimited number of loads. Why? Cartridges Abbreviated By Manufacturer: (C) = CCI; (H) =Hornady; (R) = Remington; (W) = Winchester 22LR Muzzle Velocity: 22lr muzzle velocity is the speed with which a bullet leaves the barrel measured in feet per second (FPS). Humans’ anatomy is a lot different from dogs, cats, bears, deers, etc. Disclosure: Some of the links below are affiliate links; this means Outdoor Methods may earn a commission if you click on and make a purchase through these links at no cost to you. Like the bound and eBook versions, the Hornady® Reloading App provides all the information needed to successfully reload a variety of rifle and handgun cartridges. However, we believe these traits are subjective and have decided to leave them out. Both offer a light, short cartridge suitable for an easily-concealed handgun; neither offer particularly impressive ballistics. Two: If using the bullet to determine the caliber, you typically use the width of the bullet. This is because the .357 Magnum is a lengthened .38 special case. All the ballistics from all manufacturers, finally... in one place. Our calculator creates a proper ballistics trajectory chart that details range, drop, velocity, energy (fps), wind drift, and time. "Caliber" is the common name of the cartridge tested; "Load" is the brand of ammunition tested, "Bullet" is the weight (in grains) and configuration (JHP, for instance, means jacketed hollow point) of the bullet, "MV" is the standard abbreviation for muzzle velocity, "ME" is the abbreviation for muzzle energy, "Penetration (10% gel)" is the measured penetration of the bullet when fired into a block of standard ordinance gelatin, which is used to simulate soft tissue, "AIT (goats at Strasbourg)" refers to a famous European experiment where a great many goats of the approximate size and cardio-vascular capacity of a human being were shot broadside through the lungs with a variety of handgun loads and the 'Average Incapacitation Time' (in seconds) from the shot until the animal's collapse was recorded, "One shot stop %" is the percentage of one shot stops in actual street shootings as culled from police records by Marshall and Sanow, "Test brl." We had thought about writing about this topic, but after reviewing these we decided there was no need. An example of a gun that uses this method to define its caliber is the British .303, with the land to land area of the barrel measuring .303 inches. Long nights. All the ballistics from all manufacturers, finally... in one place. Caliber is the least understood topic that is essential to shooting. We use cookies to provide you with an improved user experience and to personalize content. In a nutshell, the .357 magnum is the big brother of the .38 special. To the Internet I proceed,then once I discover your site my journey for ammo knowledge is now officially completed! Initially developed in the 1980s, the 10mm Auto rose to brief prominence after the FBI selected the round to replace their .38 Specials and 9mms. Naturally we are going with the ”all in” mentality to simplify this topic for others. This is a table of selected pistol/submachine gun and rifle/machine gun cartridges by common name. For experienced shooters the headings of most of the columns above are probably self-explanatory. Easy you use the Law of Conservation of Momentum that states that for every action, there is an opposite and equal reaction. Stop trying to look at calibers as if it is a standardization naming method and more of caliber as a way to label a specific cartridge and firearm with certain innate characteristics that separate it from other rounds and guns. Contrary to popular belief, the case of the .357 magnum was not designed to be longer than the .38 special case to hold more gun powder but to prevent people from loading these into .38 special pistol. Update 8/16/2018: Test results for nine .357 Sig loads are now live. We are glad you asked! If you do, please let us know below in the comments. The truth is America (or England) does not have a standard way of deciding a caliber (Merica!!). … The big 10mm round and large powder charge proved seriously capable in the right hands, but field testing revealed that the powerful recoil and large size of handguns chambered in 10mm made it difficult for most law enforcement officers to make follow-up shots reliably. Bullet Ballistics & Charts. Plus, high-performance match-grade and self-defense ammo, as well as ammo cans and boxes to house it all in. Some of them are. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Firearms Used for Testing. With it’s moderate-diameter bullet and a small charge of powder intended for controllable recoil in small-frame automatics.The world’s most popular pistol round, the 9x19mm Luger or Parabellum (most just call it the 9mm) was designed for military and police applications. Hey this is a great detailed and comprehensive article of gun ammo information! Produces a ballistic trajectory chart and table that shows the drop, velocity, kinetic energy, windage, and … For every reason, now more than ever, choose Federal Premium—Your Partner In Protection. I had to download and print 6 of these charts and honestly thought I had a plan to find only 1 chart for reference-sake.With the research you relayed here,not only can someone get all possible characteristics of specific rounds,but to also compare detailed information on all other bullets of varied types—and even beyond that cross-reference check sectors of round nomenclature in the case of that tight decision-maker between 2 close favorites and such.Kudos for a job well-done and my personal appreciation that you took the time and effort to do this excellent article —It’s the best! Due to the higher pressures involved, very few semi-automatic firearms are capable of feeding rounds of the 0.44 Magnum; an exception is the Israeli Military Industries Desert Eagle pistol, of Hollywood fame. By continuing to use this site, you consent to the use of cookies on your device unless you have disabled them. If you look at the chart and graphs below, you can compare the bullet’s size and weight to the muzzle energy. In many senses, .40 S&W straddles the line between the small, high-velocity 9x19mm round and the large, lower-velocity .45 ACP; many varieties exist which allow shooters to select their favorite balance of mass and projectile velocity. Since terminal performance has more to do about the bullet’s design and less to do about the Caliber of the pistol or cartridge, we are omitting this factor. Ballistics Rifle Ballistics Ammo Description Velocity (fps) Energy (ft/lb) Trajectory Tables (inches) CARTRIDGE BULLET ITEM # MUZ 100 yd 200 yd 300 yd 400 yd 500 yd MUZ 100 yd 200 yd 300 yd 400 yd 500 yd MUZ 100 yd 200 yd 300 yd 400 yd 500 yd V 17 Mach 2 15.5 gr. Rimless, Semi-Rimmed and Rimmed Bullets The more controversial one of them. However, calibers are not always determined by these methods. Yet, per our research, it is not as critical as the variables above. Most calibers have many different variations of ammo and firearms. The .50 BMG was used in WWII up to today and is impossible to hide in your hand. However, .38 special round can be shot in a .357 magnum pistol due to the .38 special lack of pressure generated when fired compared to the magnum round. The bullet’s diameter is actually closer to .311 inches. Thank you sir and good luck with your new firearm! man. On that note….if you do not know what +P or +P+ means check out the following links. Its secret lies in the high velocity of the relatively small round; while only three-hundredths of an inch wider than a .32 ACP. It takes into effect things like atmospheric conditions, wind, and even allows you to make projections shooting both up and down hill. It is capable of taking down military aircraft, piercing the armor of some personnel carriers, and was used commonly in the wing guns of aircraft for air to air combat. Hornady® Reloading App. How do you ask? (For more information on the history of this old cartridge, check out our guide to the best IWB holsters for 1911 pistols. The larger 0.44 Magnum came about two decades after the 0.357 Magnum, and both remain popular for self-defense applications and, to a limited extent, hunting with the 0.44 Magnum. 2. Our 22LR ammo ballistics chart will give you the bullet ballistic coefficient, muzzle energy, muzzle velocity and bullet drop of 27 different .22LR rimfire cartridges. More than half of US police are issued 9mm handguns and the FBI has switched back to it being their standard issue pistol. An example of a caliber using this method would be the 0.357 Magnum. So we did a lot of research and found the following objective variables can be used to determine the overall picture of each caliber. Another factor is drugs. .22 calibers are notable as being one of the last remaining commonly-manufactured types of rimfire ammunition, i.e., rounds wherein the powder is set aflame by primer located in the rim of the cartridge. From handgun and rifle ammunition to rimfire, subsonic and shotgun ammo, we have it all. HANDGUN BALLISTICS. It is similar in length to the .22 WMR (Winchester Magnum Rimfire)(5.7×27mm) and to some degree similar also to .22 Hornet or .22 K-Hornet. Something that can stop us with one shot might not stop a bear. While it lacks the sheer destructive power of other large cartridges such as the .44 Magnum, the .45 ACP allows for much quicker follow-up shots due to its lower recoil. Versions of the Desert Eagle exist chambered in 0.357 magnum, 0.44 magnum, and Action Arms’ proprietary 0.50 Action Express magnum round. These measurements are usually expressed in fractions of an inch or in millimeters as well. Most handgun shootings occur at less than 7 yards, but even so, most bullets miss their intended target (only 11% of assailants' bullets and 25% of bullets fired by police officers hit the intended target in a study by Lesce, 1984). Copyright © 2020 Outdoor Methods, All Rights Reserved. "Caliber" is the common name of the cartridge tested; "Load" is the brand of ammunition … The .22 has acquired a folkloric reputation for lethality due to its supposed propensity to bounce around inside a target; this has been widely disconfirmed by modern studies of stopping power. Many people use the .38 special in a .357 magnum for target practice. During the shooting, a bank robber was able to continue killing and wounding FBI agents despite having been struck half a dozen times by their handgun bullets. 8/29/2012. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Required fields are marked *. So what factors determine recoil? Three ways to get the Hornady Handbook of Cartridge Reloading. On the other hand, Europeans do follow a more robust method. Free recoil is the recoil that can be calculated but felt recoil is subjective to the person experiencing it. Data values are the highest found for the cartridge, and might not occur in the same load (e.g. Grs: Bullet Type: Velocity (feet per second) Energy (foot-pounds) Mid … To clarify, whether you’re equipping yourself for target practice (do not forget to find a great scope), hunting or self-defense, the choice of caliber can make quite a bit of difference. A shortened spinoff, the .40 S&W, garnered widespread acclaim and rapidly became one of the most popular defensive handgun calibers. NTX® 83176 2050 1450 1070 —145 72 39 -1 5 0 -156 EDUCATION 101. Learn how your comment data is processed. Handgun Ballistics. Most common pistol calibers today are “center-fire,” with the primer located on a striking surface at the center of the casing instead. We did our best to simplify this complicated topic so that you will be able to understand it and use the knowledge to your advantage. To drive these concepts home, let’s look at some of the most common handgun calibers used today. The smaller of the two magnums, .357, became one of America’s most popular self-defense calibers when it was retooled from the existing .38 Special cartridge during the 1930s. We use cookies on this site to optimize site functionality and give you the best possible experience. Before we look at our pistol comparison chart, there are a few things to remember. ... Ballistics Calculator. the highest muzzle energy might not be in the same load as the highest muzzle velocity, since the bullet weights can differ between loads). In theory, recoil can be measured. By using this site, you accept our use of cookies. Welcome to Ballistics By The Inch, or 'BBTI' as people have taken to calling it. We also have some additional thoughts about this particular load in this post.Update 7/11/2018: Test results for 11 different 10mm Auto loads are now live in a n… Handgun Calibers Comparison: From Smallest to Largest [2020] Remember, there are a lot of factors that we did not cover in this article, but this article will help you speed through the learning curve. Please Note: The above data is drawn from various sources including the book Handgun Stopping Power by Marshall and Sanow, and various articles in magazines such as Handguns. Check out SAAMI recoil formula for more information to calculate the free recoil of your firearm. Also, the listed purposes for each sample is what the majority of people use it for. We have all heard of people and animals getting supernatural strength when they have adrenaline pumping in their veins. Its low muzzle velocity is sufficient for penetration, and the round relies on its weight for its lethal characteristics. means the length of the test pistol's barrel. The .50 BMG (Browning Machine Gun) and the Smith and Wesson pistol 500 should say it. That extra length allows for more gunpowder and a larger bullet. Complete 9mm ammunition ballistics Chart. Clear as mud? Our hope is that by seeing and studying the data above, you can start to understand the differences between pistol calibers. The weight of the firearm also plays into this. 0.25 ACP and 0.32 ACP, the “sub-combat” calibers, occupy a strange space in the world of mainstream handgun ammunition. Handgun Ballistics. When you think of shooting a pistol, you usually think about how to shoot a gun, your stance, or the different parts of your firearm. Your email address will not be published. The rounds themselves differ only in terms of length and powder charge; all fire a small, light projectile most suited for target practice and small game hunting. Somebody, please call my old physics professor up and tell him I actually did listen in class even though my grades didn’t show it. A bullet that should stop somebody or something may not due to adrenaline. Now just like Neo did in the Matrix, take the red pill, or maybe he took the blue…..I don’t remember which one it is. A .357 magnum round shot in a .38 special gun would cause a lot of damage to the gun. RIFLE BALLISTICS. The LR in .22LR refers to Long Rifle, while ACP refers to Automatic Colt Pistol. There are carbines chambered for both cartridges, most of which mimic the lever actions of yesteryear modernized for today’s ammo. I Choose. 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