Margin: crenate-serrate. French name: Peuplier deltoïde; Taxonomic Serial Number: 22446 Description Leaves. Form. Leaf Margin Serrated. Altitude is a primary determiner of the western boundary. Use left and right arrows to navigate. This tree species occurs from Alberta east to Quebec and south to Florida, Texas, Arizona, and northern Mexico. Nonetheless, it is still utilized in the making of containers, furniture parts, and high-grade pulp. Photo credit: Larry Korhnak, University of Florida, UF School of Forest Resources & Conservation. Hardiness: Zones 2 through 9 . Specific Epithet deltoides. The trunk bark of mature trees is thick, gray, and coarsely ridged. Has a bitter aspirin taste. Latin name: Populus deltoides ssp. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. The tree is a hardwood and the lineal taxonomy is Magnoliopsida > Salicales > Salicaceae > Populus deltoides deltoides Bartr. eastern cottonwood Salicaceae Populus deltoides W. Bartram ex Marshall symbol: PODE3 Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, triangular (deltoid) in shape with a crenate/serrate margin. (Dave Powell/USDA Forest Service/CC BY 3.0 us), (U.S. Geological Survey/Wikimedia Commons), (Bureau of Land Management/Wikimedia Commons), Cucumbertree, A Common Tree in North America, Mockernut Hickory, A Common Tree in North America, Black Locust, a Common Tree in North America, White Oak, A Common Tree in North America, Slippery Elm, A Common Tree in North America, Southern Red Oak, a Common Tree in North America, American Beech, a Common Tree in North America, Butternut, a Common Tree in North America, Black Oak, a Common Tree in North America, Scarlet Oak, A Top 100 Common Tree in North America, Willow Oak: Favorite Wildlife Food and Landscape Tree, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. Fall Color Yellow. Lump Growth on a Cottonwood Tree. The 2 to 5 inch long, simple, triangle-shaped, deciduous leaves have a toothed margin, and an elongated tip. Eastern cottonwood is frequently planted to give quick shade near homes. One last identification feature is to follow the cotton in early summer. All tree leaves exhibit margins (leaf blade edges) that are either serrated or smooth. Shape: deltoid with truncate base. USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) -. Tuliptrees have very distinctive leaves. Eastern Cottonwood; Eastern Poplar; Poplar; Phonetic Spelling POP-yoo-lus del-TOY-deez Description. amblyphylla; Hibiscus tiliaceus, a flowering shrub or tree in the mallow family; In the genus Populus, a number of difficult-to-distinguish trees: . It is shade-intolerant and found on rich, moist sites often near rivers and streams. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. Form: This is a medium-sized tree reaching 70-100 ft. in height and 2.5- 4 ft dbh. The new growth is high in protein and minerals. are large, quick-growing trees valued for their vibrant autumn foliage. It falls somewhere between crenate to serrate, and is even considered to be dentate in some texts. Click on any thumbnail to see a photo. Look for snowstorms of this cotton in early June. occidentalis, plains cottonwood, where the ranges overlap. McSush/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0. Often the description can vary because of the maturity of the leaf. Eastern cottonwood seedlings and young trees are browsed upon by a variety of mammals including rabbits, deer, and domestic livestock. Description. Cottonwood leaves are triangular with course teeth along the margins. Arboretum Collection LT. Lifecycle. Trees of this size are often found on moist sites. Leaves are alternate, simple, 3–7 inches long, broadly triangular, abruptly pointed, with coarse teeth with tiny hairs, small glands at base of leaf blade; upper surface green, shiny; lower surface paler, smooth; leaf stalk slender, flattened. Triangular, tip taper-pointed; Often pendulous; Usually 3–5 warty glands at the base of the leaf blade; Neoformed leaves broadly ovate, hairy when unfolding; Length. Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides) Leaf Margins: Crenate. Eastern cottonwood has limited timber use. Cottonwood is a large tree with long, straight trunk and massive branches forming a rounded top. Eastern cottonwood requires leaf N concentrations of at least 2 percent to maximize volume production (Blackmon and White 1972). Plants. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Upper surface bright shiny green; Lower surface slightly paler ; Petiole yellowish-green; Margin. It sometimes reaches a height of 100 to 130 feet and a diameter of 5 to 6 feet. (7.62 – 12.7 cm) wide, sometimes triangular, sometimes heart-shaped, leaf margin serrated; petioles flat. The leaf petiole is 3 to 4 inches long and flatted. Genus Populus. native to eastern North America; hardy to zone 2; Habit and Form . Its growth may exceed 10 feet in height its first year, about 5 feet in height in each succeeding year, and about 1 inch in diameter per year. Cottonwood has been used for windbreaks and soil stabilization. The leaf on the right, with the long petiole, is from a Populus deltoides, or Plains and eastern cottonwood. Cottonwood gets its common name from the wads of cotton surrounding its seeds, which facilitate dispersal by wind and water. Eastern Redbud has an irregular growth habit when young but forms a gr… Cottonwood buds are also somewhat distinctive, in winter and early spring they are large, long, and pointed. The western boundary is not well defined because eastern cottonwood intergrades with var. Size - 100 ft. (30.48 m) tall. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. 1 or 2 glands at the base of the leaf blade; Neoformed leaves broadly ovate, hairy when unfolding ; Base more rounded than eastern cottonwood; Length. The poplar petiole gall aphid (Pemphigus populitransversus) lays its eggs on cottonwood leaves, producing characteristic marble-sized galls where the petiole meets the blade of the leaf. Forestryimages.org provides several images of parts of Eastern cottonwood. The wood is light, soft, and weak. There has also been interest in growing it for inclusion in cattle feed, since it is a good source of cellulose relatively free of undesirable components, such as tannins. Leaves are simple, alternate, and deciduous. Twig: Stout, somewhat angled and yellowish; buds are 3/4 inch long, covered with several brown, resinous scales. Both male and female flowers are pendulous catkins. Leaf Margin. Leaf Length - 3 to 5 inches. The splendid purple-pink flowers appear all over the tree in spring, just before the leaves emerge. The largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 85 feet in width. Beavers are known to use cottonwood poles for construction of their dams. Thirty-year-old specimens are rare, but they can reach 35 feet in height forming a rounded vase. Family Salicaceae. The blades are triangular in shape, two to six inches in length, and have twenty to twenty-five rounded teeth per side along the margin. Tree leaf chart: Leaf shape and arrangement. Eastern Cottonwood Leaf - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas. It is used for pulp and for boxes. Female flowers elongate to 15 to 30 cm (6 to 12 in). ex Marsh. The petiole is flattened and glands are present at the top of the petiole. The bark is silvery-white, smooth, or lightly fissured when young, becoming darker gray and deeply fissured on older trees. Leaf Arrangement Alternate. Flowers and Fruits Flower Type - Unisexual catkins on female trees bear many seeds surrounded by silky or cottony hairs. He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. The petiole is flattened and glands are present at the top of the petiole. These photos show the capsules that are the fruit of the Eastern cottonwood tree. The mature eastern cottonwood grows to a height of 65-130 ft. (20-40 m). Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. Eastern cottonwood is an exceedingly rapid-growing, moisture-loving species that is found locally in moist places and along streams and lakes throughout the state except at the higher elevations. Populus angustifolia (narrowleaf cottonwood), in the Great Basin; Populus heterophylla (swamp cottonwood), in the eastern United States; Populus trichocarpa (black cottonwood), in the Pacific Northwest of North America We have looked at ways of identifying leaves by looking at the way they are arranged on the stem and their overall shape. Common name: Banana tree Scientific name: Musa Leaf shape: Oblong shape FIGURE 7 8. The abundant branches are ascending above and drooping below; they are somewhat crooked and knobby. ex Marsh . It grows tall as well, averaging 80-100 ft but potentially growing as high as 200 ft. Male and female flowers develop on separate trees. This is a dioecious tree species. The petiole is flattened and glands are present at the top of the petiole. Texture: glabrous. Though necklace poplar (also known as eastern cottonwood) is a short-lived tree, already old at age 75, it can grow to 100 feet (30m) or more in height in its native streamside habitats. Leaves are green in summer, turning yellow or brown in fall. Mature trees with thick bark may be only scarred or top-killed. Eastern Cottonwood Populus deltoides Willow family (Salicaceae) Description: This deciduous tree is 60-120' tall at maturity. 7. Fast-growing yet relatively short-lived, cottonwoods are easily distinguished by their triangular- (or deltoid-) shaped leaves that easily flutter in the wind. Leaf Color - Lustrous, bright-green during summer, golden-yellow in late fall. Cottonwood trees (Populus spp.) Flower: Species is dioecious; male and female as pendulous catkins, appearing before the leaves. Conical capsule 5 to 9 inches in length borne on pendent stalks, 8 to 12 inches long. deltoides Bartr. It is not uncommon for young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet in height each year. Habitat. Leaf Width - 3 to 5 inches. The petiole is distinctively flattened, making the leaf flap from side to side rather than up and down. Eastern cottonwood is a medium-sized tree that reaches heights of 50’to 100’ in height. Populus deltoids, commonly called common cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree or shrub. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is the fastest growing and largest tree found in Iowa. INTRODUCTION A leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized ... American planetree Scientific name: Plantanus occidentalis Leaf shape: Palmate shape FIGURE 6 Tip Vein Margin Midrib Petiole Tip Margin Petiole Midrib Vein. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest and Chicago region. Ecological Role - The cottonwood is a producer, transforming the sun’s energy into food energy. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. Eastern cottonwood grows along streams and on bottomlands from southern Quebec westward into North Dakota and southwestern Manitoba, south to central Texas, and east to northwestern Florida and Georgia. It generally has a thin, spreading crown and a straight bole. × Eastern cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. The Eastern Cottonwood is both a fast growing and a short-lived tree. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. ... 17.78 cm) long and 3 – 5 in. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. The wood is light, soft, and weak, and is dark brown in color with thick nearly white sapwood, warping badly in drying. Eastern cottonwood is one of the few hardwood species that is planted and grown specifically for these purposes. Tree leaves come in all sorts and sizes, and knowing the shape of particular leaves can help to quickly identify the tree species. Celtis conferta subsp. Eastern Cottonwood Populus deltoides. There has been considerable interest in cottonwood for energy biomass, because of its high yield potential and coppicing ability. Leaf Shape, Margin, and Venation. Size 75 to 100' Bloom Time March to April. Also, the edge (margin) of the latter is deeply notched (crenelated), while that of the angustifolia is less so, and the balsamifera's is smooth. Deep planting permits reforesting of nonproductive fields with sandy soils having available moisture beneath a dry surface layer. Cookies. Leaf Type Simple. The cottonwood is a large, relatively short-lived tree with a wide, spreading crown and a large straight trunk. Image by Wikimedia Commons. Fire scars may facilitate the onset of heartwood decay. Mature trees have deep grooves with thick ridges and are light brown to ash-gray in color. Common Name - Eastern Cottonwood. This NC native plant is found at fine sandy loams or silt loams in stream banks of the piedmont and coastal plain. Leaf margins can be … Eastern Cottonwood, Eastern Poplar Salicaceae. The state tree of Oklahoma, Eastern Redbud is a moderate to rapid-grower when young, reaching a height of 20 to 30 feet. 5–10 cm; Tip longer than eastern cottonwood; Colour. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. Male clones, which have none of the objectionable "cotton" associated with seed, are preferred. The yellowish twigs are stout and contain a bitter aspirin taste. Flower Reddish. The north-south distribution extends from latitude 28 N. to 46 N. It is absent from the higher Appalachian areas and from much of Florida and the Gulf Coast except along rivers. Underside is smooth and a pale green. Note: The margin of the Eastern Cottonwood is a bit difficult to discern. Eastern cottonwood is also sometimes called southern cottonwood, Carolina poplar, eastern poplar, necklace poplar, and álamo. Expand. Each capsule has 3 or 4 valves. The eastern cottonwood is a member of the willow family (Salicaceae). Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) Family: Salicaceae . Fire generally kills eastern cottonwood. 5–10 cm; Colour. Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, triangular (deltoid) in shape with a crenate/serrate margin. Tree leaf shapes . Leaf Size 3 to 5" long and wide. No need to register, buy now! Leaves: Arrangement: alternate . It develops a single stout trunk up to 4-6' across and forms an ovoid crown in open situations. Fast-growing yet relatively short-lived, cottonwoods are easily distinguished by their triangular- (or deltoid-) shaped leaves that easily flutter in the wind. Eastern cottonwood. Bark Ridge and furrowed. Eastern Cottonwood - Populus deltoides Leaves are alternate, simple, single toothed, triangle shaped. The leaf shape of cottonwood trees will set them apart from tuliptrees. eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, triangular (deltoid) in shape with a crenate/serrate margin. Click on second leaf photo for enlargement to see flattened stem and glands at base of leaf. The eastern cottonwood is a member of the willow family (Salicaceae). Find the perfect eastern cottonwood stock photo. Use "esc" to exit the lightbox. Some improved clones in some tree plantations have yielded trees that grew up to 10 feet per year. The leaves are large and deltoid (triangular) in shape with a more or less flattened base and long petiole. 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